All images by Daniel Chavez, unless stated otherwise.
1 Igan, D., Moussawi, H., Tieman, A.F., Zdzienicka, A., Dell’Ariccia, G. and Mauro, P. (2019), “The Long Shadow of the Global Financial Crisis: Public Interventions in the Financial Sector”, WP/19/164. Washington DC: The International Monetary Fund (IMF).
2 Cochrane, E. and Fandos, N. (2020), “Congress and White House Strike Deal for $2 Trillion Stimulus Package”, The New York Times, March 25th.
3 Rice-Oxleym M. and Butler, P. (2019), “Cash, credits and crisis: life in the new European precariat”. The Guardian, March 15th.
4 Barnard, H. (2020), “Coronavirus: what does it mean for people restricted by poverty?”, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, March 18th: https://www.jrf.org.uk/blog/what-does-covid-19-mean-people-restricted-poverty.
5 Mitchell, B. (2020), “The coronavirus will redefine what currency-issuing governments can do – finally”. Available at Modern Monetary Theory, March 15th: http://bilbo.economicoutlook.net/blog/?p=44507.
6 Dallavalle, C. and Parenti, C. (2020), “Wall Street Is High on Government Supply”. The Jacobin, March 9th.
7 For a comprehensive list of measures implemented by governments across Europe in the framework of the COVID-19 crisis, see Bocanegra, R. (2020), “Así afrontan los países de la UE la crisis del Covid-19”. Público, March 17th.
8 Arcà, E., Principe, F., and van Doorslaer, E. (2020), “Death by austerity? The impact of cost containment on avoidable mortality in Italy”, available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3529892
9 Toynbee, P. (2020), “Coronavirus will force hospital chiefs to make some terrible choices”. The Guardian, March 17th.
10 LGiU and MJ (2020), State of Local Government Finance Survey 2020. London: LGiU and the Municipal Journal (MJ).
11 Georgieva, K. (2020), “The IMF and COVID-19. Statement Following a G20 Ministerial Call on the Coronavirus Emergency”, March 23th. Washington DC: International Monetary Fund (IMF).
12 Chu, B. (2020), “Coronavirus: Who will pay for this bailout?”, The Independent, March 19th.
13 Phillips, L. (2020), “Bill Gates Wants Socialist Medicine to Combat Coronavirus – Without the Socialists”, The Jacobin, March 4th.
14 Mikhailova, A. (2020), “Airlines and train companies could be nationalised to prevent them going bust, transport secretary says”, The Telegraph, March 17th.
15 Hall, D. (2019), “We’ve crunched the numbers – nationalisation would be a bargain”, The Guardian, December 9th.
16 The Guardian (2020), “The Guardian view on the UK’s Covid-19 economic plan: fine sentiment, but lacks details”, The Guardian, March 17th.
17 Steinfort, L. and Kishimoto, S. (eds.) (2019), Public Finance for the Future We Want. Amsterdam: Transnational Institute (TNI).
18 Angel, J. (ed.) (2020), 7 Steps to Build a Democratic Economy: The Future is Public Conference Report. Amsterdam: Transnational Institute (TNI).
19 Watts, J. and Kommenda, N. (2020), “Coronavirus pandemic leading to huge drop in air pollution”, The Guardian, March 23th.
20 Bernstein, A. (2020), “Coronavirus, climate change, and the environment”, available at Environmental Health News, March 20th: https://www.ehn.org/coronavirus-environment-2645553060.html
21 Sweeney, S. and Treat, J. (2017), “Preparing a Public Pathway: Confronting the Investment Crisis in Renewable Energy”, Working Paper #10. New York: Trade Unions for Energy Democracy (TUED).
22 Becker, S. , Angel, J., and Naumann, M. (2019), “Energy democracy as the right to the city: Urban energy struggles in Berlin and London”, Environment and Planning A , online. DOI: 10.1177 / 0308518X19881164
23 Hanna, T.M. and Santos Skandier, C. (2020), “We can’t let this economic crisis go to waste”, available at Open Democracy, March 16th: https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/oureconomy/we-cant-let-economic-crisis-go-waste/
24 Wainwright, H. (2019), “Transforming the state: from ‘new public management’ in a market state to democratic public management in a socialised state”, The Future is Public: Working Paper 15. Amsterdam: Transnational Institute (TNI).
25 Raymond, R. (2020), “Coronavirus catalyzes growing wave of grassroots action despite social distancing”, available at Shareable, March 16th: https://www.shareable.net/coronavirus-catalyzes-growing-wave-of-grassroots-action-despite-social-distancing/?
26 For a detailed discussion of the meaning and the scope of the commons, see Bauwens, M., Kostakis, V., Troncoso, S. and Utratel, A.M. (2017), Commons Transition and P2P: A Primer, Amsterdam: Transnational Institute and P2P Foundation.
27 Toussaint, K. (2020), “These Good Samaritans with a 3D printer are saving lives by making new respirator valves for free”, available at Fast Company, March 16th: https://www.fastcompany.com/90477940/these-good-samaritans-with-a-3d-printer-are-saving-lives-by-making-new-respirator-valves-for-free
28 Haiven, M. (2020). “No return to normal: for a post-pandemic liberation”, available at ROAR Magazine, March 23th: https://roarmag.org/essays/no-return-to-normal-for-a-post-pandemic-liberation/
29 Malik, N. (2020), “This virus is ravaging rich countries. What happens when it hits the poor ones?”, The Guardian, March 23th: https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2020/mar/23/coronavirus-rich-countries-poor-west-covid-19-developing-world
30 Barbon, J. and Teixeira, T. (2020), “No Rio, favelas esperam a chegada do vírus sem água e com aglomerações”, Folha de S. Paulo, March 22th.
31 The World Bank (2020), “Hospital beds (per 1,000 people)”, available at the World Bank Data: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sh.med.beds.zs
32 Europa Press (2020), “El Salvador suspende el pago de electricidad y agua y congela el cobro de hipotecas por el coronavirus”. Europa Press, March 19th: https://www.europapress.es/internacional/noticia-salvador-suspende-pago-electricidad-agua-congela-cobro-hipotecas-coronavirus-20200319020433.html
33 Chavez, D. and Torres, S. (eds.) (2014), Reorienting Development: State-owned Enterprises in Latin America and the World. Amsterdam: Transnational Institute (TNI).
34 Messina, P. (2020), “ANCAP y el coronavirus”, available at Hemisferio Izquierdo, March 16th: ANCAP y el coronavirus: https://www.hemisferioizquierdo.uy/single-post/2020/03/16/ANCAP-y-el-coronavirus
35 Haiven, M. (2020), op. cit.
36 Herrero, A. (2018), “Ecofeminismos: apuntes sobre la dominación gemela de mujeres y naturaleza”, available at Ecología Política: https://www.ecologiapolitica.info/?p=10136